Agnès Pannier-Runacher is a graduate of Sciences Po and the École nationale d’administration (ENA). She joined the civil service in 2000 and was appointed as Secretary of State for Economy and Finance in October 2018.
She first worked at the Inspection générale des finances and then joined the Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris in a managerial role. In 2006 she joined the Caisse des dépôts et consignations as deputy director in charge of strategy and finances. In 2009 she became executive director of the Strategic Investment Fund.