Christian Noyer was born on 6 October 1950 in Soisy-sous-Montmorency, near Paris. He studied law and subsequently graduated from the Institut d’études politiques de Paris and the École nationale d’administration.
Appointed to the Treasury in the Ministry of the Economy and Finance in 1976, he then spent two years (1980-1982) at France’s permanent representation to the European Communities in Brussels. Back at the Treasury, he held a range of posts (government cash and debt management, banking affairs, financing of industry and state-owned enterprises, multilateral issues and export financing). He was appointed Head of the Treasury in 1993. His experience includes working closely with several Ministers of Finance: he was Advisor to Edouard Balladur (1986-1988), and Chief of Staff for two other Ministers of Finance, Edmond Alphandéry and Jean Arthuis (1993, and 1995-1997 respectively).
He was appointed Vice-President of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt when the institution was set up in 1998.
Christian Noyer has been Governor of the Banque de France between November 2003 and October 2015. He was reappointed for a second six-year term in 2009. He was a member of the Governing Council and the General Council of the European Central Bank most of the time between 1998 and 2015.
During his tenure as Governor, Christian Noyer was also Chairman of the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (ACPR – the French Prudential Supervision and Resolution Authority for banks and insurance). He also chaired the supervisory boards of the Institut d’émission des départements d’Outre-Mer (IEDOM) and the Institut d’émission d’Outre-Mer (IEOM) – the French overseas note-issuing central banks.
Christian Noyer was elected as chairman of the Bank for International Settlements between March 2010 and October 2015. Among other Official international positions he has been alternate Governor at the International Monetary Fund, and Chairman of the Paris club of creditor countries (1993-97).
He has been awarded the honours of Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur and Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres in France, and has received decorations from several other countries.
He is the author of “Banks, the rules of the game” (1990) and of numerous articles on economic and financial issues.